Library and Archives

Here we have gathered together the major resources we have created over the years in a downloadable format. We have divided the resources into three groups: On Clean Paper, On Pulp and Paper Production, and On Pollution and Health Impacts which you can find below. Below we also have our MillWatch archives.
On Clean Paper
A “Green” Paper Procurement Policy shows a commitment to social responsibility. This ready-to-print brochure shows the environmental benefits of an Environmentally Preferable paper procurement policy. BuyingPaperbrochure2
The  Common Vision for Transforming the Paper Industry was produced in 2002 by the Environmental Paper Network, a coalition of American and Canadian environmental organizations. The Common Vision presents goals for transforming the way in which paper is produced and consumed.   CommonVision (pdf 482 kb)
The full report and the Executive Summary of Following the Paper Trail: Overcoming Market Barriers to Environmentally Preferable Paper (EPP), a study funded by Industry Canada’s Office of Consumer Affairs, conducted by the Reach for Unbleached! Foundation and the Aurora Institute, analyses the office paper industry in Canada. The study looks at the Canadian pulp and paper industry within the context of the global industry, and assesses current production levels and markets for EPPs in Canada, identifies obstacles to further market growth, and makes recommendations for stimulating consumer demand as well as production capacity. Executive Summary Executive Summary in French Full Report  
Paper Purchasing:Or…Everything you’ve always wanted to ask about purchasing environmentally preferable paper, and are keen to learn. This discussion paper on procurement policy is a Word file (161 kb). PaperProcurementPolicies (download)
Save Trees – Save Money! A WIN WIN SCENARIO! Before Reusing and Recycling comes Reducing. Recycling alone does not address the issue of wasteful use. That’s why we need waste prevention and this ready-to-print brochure can win friends to help. SavingPaperbrochure2
On Pulp and Paper Production
The Toxic Story of Federal Regulatory Neglect details barriers to public information on the range and quantities of pollutants, federal and provincial regulation and jurisdiction, toxic substance management programs and emissions data. It demonstrates major inadequacies in government oversight of the pulp and paper industry. It is accompanied by extensive background spreadsheets. Pulp and Paper Toxic Story (download) Toxic Story spreadsheets
The Pulp Pollution Primer, published in October 1999, explains the basics of pulp pollution, our vision for a cleaner future and explores ways to get there. The Primer is available in pdf format (384 kb). Pulp Pollution Primer
Zero Discharge: Technological Progress Towards Eliminating Kraft Pulp Mill Liquid Effluent, Minimising Remaining Waste Streams and Advancing Worker Safety , an extensive scientific and technical literature review assessing the best technology available for sustainable kraft pulp production, published in 1998. (pdf 313 kb) Zero Discharge
This illustrated booklet started off as a set of displays for the general public on pulp production, fibres, and clean production. Then it evolved into a tabloid newspaper, and now you can download it as a pdf file here. Making Paper As if the Earth Matters Making Paper Large Resolution File
On Pollution and Health Impacts 
Final Report – Health Risk Assessment of Airborne Dioxin and Furan Emissions at the Elk Falls Pulp Mill, 1994 (PDF, 45 MB, requires Acrobat 6) Readers should be aware that in 2005 Health Canada lowered the “Tolerable Daily Intake” of dioxin by three quarters. Health Risk Assessment
Clean Air or Foul? Crofton Airshed Citizens Group and Reach for Unbleached present the findings of an international team of air pollution experts with new information on emissions and health impacts from the Crofton Mill. This international peer review team looked at the Jacques Whitford report commissioned by the NorskeCanada Crofton mill, and found it to be lacking in clarity, key baseline information, and credibility. “The Report does not constitute a Baseline Human Health Risk Assessment…” The RWDI independent peer review of the Norske Canada airshed study: Peer Review of Norsk Data Executive Summary (download)
On Pulp & Paper Regulations
In Canada, the federal and provincial governments share authority over environmental issues. The provinces retain authority over the implementation of environmental regulations including air emissions, effluent and landfills with regard to limits, substances and compliance measures.
Federal effluent regulations instituted in the early 1990s have been effective.  Pulp mills across the country are subject to the effluent regulations that limit highly toxic substances. Effluent is also subject to provincial ministry permits and limits that are specific to that mill under the same process as air permits.
In practice, the only enforceable regulations on air emissions from pulp and paper facilities in the country are through provincial emission permits. Permits, however, are wildly inconsistent across the country. Even within a province, permits vary substantially in the substances that are regulated, emission limits and monitoring requirements. With no requirement for renewals or upgrades, many permits are decades old, do not reflect current mill operations and ignore the advance of technology in pollution prevention and control measures. . Currently permits are based on negotiation between provincial environmental officers and mill executives and on the existing technology at the mill at the time of permit issue. The potential for pollution prevention and control given the technology available (Best Available Technology or BAT) at the time are not considered. A variety of widely accepted standards are available to define BAT at pulp mills, most notably the Reference Document on Best Available Techniques in the Pulp and Paper Industry from the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control of the European Commission. For British Columbia, links to the air, land and water pollution permits can be found at the BC Mill Tour There is an absence of standard or effective compliance policies across Canada. In the report Pulp and Paper Pollution: The Toxic Legacy of Federal Neglect, researcher Anna Tilman found serious inadequacies in the enforcement histories of provincial regulations.
The third major permit for pulp mills is for their landfills.  These also are the responsibility of the provincial governments and no country wide standards exist for limits, substances or compliance policy.
Access the Millwatch Archives 
A bi-monthly newsletter on Clean Pulp and Paper Production, featuring news, analysis, resources and contacts. Produced by Reach for Unbleached since October 1995 and published on the internet and in the Watershed Sentinel, BC’s environmental news magazine.